Professor Yuval Shany and Professor Amichai Cohen discuss the pivotal role of the IDF in Israeli life - past and present. The role of the IDF in Israeli society cannot be overstated - but the country, and the army, are changing. So are the missions Israel undertakes and the nature of warfare. Why is the famous people’s army seeing fewer and fewer Israelis turn up for the draft? What are the demographic characteristics of those who do serve? Is the army a melting pot or a social hierarchy? And what about the “P” word – a professional army?