Founded in 1999
Founded in the lead-up to the 1999 elections for the 15th Knesset, the National Union was originally a joint list of three small right-wing parties: Tekuma, Moledet and Herut. Benny Begin was placed at the head of the list, but after receiving only four seats, he announced his resignation and did not assume his post as a member of Knesset.
During the course of the 15th Knesset, Herut resigned from the faction, and Yisrael Beitenu joined. The collaboration between the National Union and Yisrael Beitenu intensified, and the two parties ran on a joint list in the 2003 elections for the 16th Knesset. Headed by Avigdor Lieberman, the list received seven seats. In 2005, Yisrael Beitenu left the joint faction and in the 2006 elections for the 17th Knesset, it ran in a joint list with the National Religious Party (Mafdal). This list received nine seats, six of which were for members of the National Union. In 2009, prior to the elections for the 18th Knesset, both parties, hoping to strengthen their partnership, tried to establish a joint party that would represent all of the parties of the political right. However, differences of opinion caused the two parties to split. As a result, the National Union ran as a list that included the parties Tekuma, HaTikvah, Moledet and Eretz Yisrael Shelanu (The Land of Israel is Ours). The last three were later disbanded and the National Union-Tekuma ran together in the 2013 and 2015 elections with the Jewish Home.
The National Union places itself to the right of the National Religious Party and appeals primarily to religious voters. Not religious by definition, the party has, in all of its various incarnations, included non-religious candidates. Even so, it aspires to deepen Jewish education in the schools. The party champions the principle of the Greater Land of Israel, supports the settlement enterprise in Judea and Samaria, and calls for an aggressive security policy. On economic issues, the party champions liberalization of the economy and encourages private enterprise