Elections and Parties

  • Israeli Political Parties

    Learn about Israel's political parties, their ideologies, prominent figures, electoral achievements and representation.

  • Israeli Elections

    Find out about the results of Israel's Knesset elections by year. This tool includes information about all the parties that ran in a given year, including those that did not pass the electoral threshold.

Israel's 35th Government

After two election campaigns (April 2019 and September 2020) that ended in deadlock, the results from the third election campaign on March 2, 2020 vote were inconclusive as well.

The Likud party received more votes than any other party (36 Knesset seats), but the rightwing 'bloc' that it led in support of Benjamin Netanyahu totaled only 58 seats – three short of the needed 61 seat majority. While there were 62 seats opposing Netanyahu, the ideological gaps among the parties of this bloc were too wide to allow for the formation of a government.

Ten days after President Reuven Rivlin granted MK Benny Gantz with the mandate to form a government, the Blue and White Chair announced that he was beginning negotiations with the intention of forming a unity government with Netanyahu and the Likud. This led Blue and White to split into two, with the Yesh Atid and Telem factions declaring their intentions to remain in the opposition. On April 20, 2020 a coalition agreement was signed between the Likud and Blue and White and on May 17th the new government was sworn into office.

This government, Israel's 35th, is unique for a number of reasons. It is based on the principle of 'parity' between the two blocs and a rotation between Netanyahu and Gantz in the position of prime minister. For the bloc leader not in office, a new position was created by law: the Alternate Prime Minister. While this governing coalition is not a particularly large one, the cabinet includes an all-time high of 34 ministers.

At the time of its vote of confidence, the government was supported by two blocs made up of seven political parties. Netanyahu's bloc includes the Likud, Shas, United Torah Judaism, the Jewish Home (Rafi Peretz who will form one faction with the Likud), and Gesher. Gantz's bloc includes Blue and White, Labor and Derech Eretz. In total, 73 members of Knesset support the government.

table
Government Position Name Party
Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu Likud
Alternate Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Benny Gantz Blue and White
Minister of Finance Yisrael Katz Likud
Minister of Foreign Affairs Gabi Ashkenazi Blue and White
Minister of Internal Affairs & Minister of the Development of the Negev and Galil Arye Deri Shas
Minister of Justice Avi Nissenkorn Blue and White
Minister of Construction & Housing Yakov Lizman United Torah Judaism
Minister of Education Yoav Galant Likud
Minister of Economy Amir Peretz Labor Party
Minister of Transportation Miri Regev Likud
Minister of Communications Yoaz Hendel
Minister of Public Security Amir Ohana Likud
Minister of Health Yuli Edelstein Likud
Minister of Culture & Sport Hili Tropper Likud
Minister of Enviromental Protection Gila Gamliel Likud
Minister of Energy Yuval Steinitz Likud
Minister of Agriculture Alon Schuster Blue and White
table
Government Position Name Party
Minister of Labor & Social Affairs Itzik Shmuli Labor Party
Minister of Jerusalem Affairs Rafi Peretz
Minister of Religious Services Yaakov Avitan Shas
Minister of Tourism Asaf Zamir Blue and White
Minister of Intelligence Eli Cohen Likud
Minister of Immigration & Absorption Pnina Tamano-Shata Blue and White
Minister of Social Equality Meirav Cohen Blue and White
Minister of Regional Cooperation Gilad Ardan Likud
Minister of Strengthening of Communities Orly Levi-Abekasis Gesher
Minister of Strategic Affairs Orit Farkash Blue and White
Minister of Cabinet-Knesset Coordination David Amsalem Likud
Minister of Science & Technology Yizhar Shai Blue and White
Minister of Settlement Tzipi Hotovely Likud
Minister of Diaspora Affairs Omer Yankelevich Blue and White
Minister of Higher Education and Water Resources Ze'ev Elkin Likud
Minister in the Ministry of Defense Michael Biton Blue and White
Minister without portfolio Tzachi Hanegbi Likud