Economy and Governance

Publications Regarding Economy and Governance



Working from Home: A Survey of Patterns and Attitudes

One of the very few pieces of good news resulting from the corona crisis is the increase in people working from home (WFH). Unfortunately, workers from lower socioeconomic groups are not benefiting from this change.

Press Release

Meridor's Resignation Raises Serious Concerns

“Meridor's resignation raises serious concerns that management of the worst economic crisis Israel has encountered in recent decades is characterized by a lack of systematic policies or priorities" 


Climate Crisis and Corona Virus Special Survey

Do Israelis want their government to improve the economy's readiness for the climate crisis? IDI's special survey on public attitudes to the climate crisis says that an overwhelming majority (89%) says "yes."


How to Generate Demand for Workers

A growing number of countries around the world have realized that vocational training and subsidies for the training period can increase the demand for workers. Israel's government should follow this lead, while at the same time accelerating the pace of development of infrastructure projects, to increase the demand for skilled workers.


Working from Home: Pre-and Post-Coronavirus

The coronavirus has made working from home much more prevalent, and has many advantages, including improving efficiency and providing workers with more flexibility. But how do we ensure that it does not increase wage disparities and provide even more advantages to those who are already the higher earners? IDI experts weigh in with recommendations to ensure that all sides benefit


The Crisis Has Hit at the Core of the Labor Market

The current crisis threatens the heart of the labor market with 400,000 workers between the ages of 35-54 designated as "temporarily absent from work" due to the coronavirus


Coronavirus and Unemployment in Israel

Daphna Aviram Nitzan presents an analysis of unemployment in Israel in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic.

The Coronavirus: Israel's Economy and Economic Policy

Prof. Karnit Flug's press briefing today focued on the Coronavirus’ effect on the Israeli economy and policies that could mitigate the damage inflicted by the pandemic.


The COVID-19 Crisis - Economic Impact and Economic Policies

What will be the economic ramifications of the coronavirus outbreak on the Israeli economy? Prof. Karnit Flug explains.

Press Release

Karnit Flug Named William Davidson Fellow

The Israel Democracy Institute Names Former Bank of Israel Governor Karnit Flug William Davidson Fellow - new partnership will focus on ensuring Israel’s continued economic vitality.



The Israeli Economy: A Report Card

Prof. Karnit Flug, former Governor of the Bank of Israel and currently Vice President for Research at the Israel Democracy Institute, analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of the Israeli economy.

Eli Hurvitz Highlights 2019

Human Capital in Israel

Developing human capital in Israel is the key to narrowing the labor productivity gap as a key to reducing income disparities

Eli Hurvitz Highlights 2019

How Do We Adapt Our Labor Agreements to the 21st Century?

Eli Hurvitz Conference on Economy and Society – First Day, Second Session

Eli Hurvitz Highlights 2019

Ability to Make Economy Related Decisions Impaired

Prof. Karnit Flug, Vice President of IDI and Former Governor of the Bank of Israel spoke at the 2019 Eli Hurvitz Conference on Economy and Society: “With no government in place, the ability to make economy-related decisions is impaired. In the current situation, what is done depends entirely on what the Knesset Finance Committee is prepared to do."

Eli Hurvitz Highlights 2019

Israel is in Danger of Becoming a Weakened State

Benny Gantz, Chair of the Blue and White party and former IDF Chief of Staff spoke at the 2019 Eli Hurvitz Conference: "Government ministers bicker daily with the professional echelon - a situation that harms Israelis"

Eli Hurvitz Highlights 2019

Israel’s Economy: Island of Stability with Troubling Trends

Yohanan Plesner, President of the Israel Democracy Institute and Prof. Eugene Kandel, CEO Start-Up Nation Central, open the two day conference, welcoming senior executives from the public and private sectors. 



The Coming Capitalist Revolution

Profit remains the ultimate objective, but the focus should be on profit for all those with a stake in a company, and not just its shareholders

Press Release

Ease of Doing Business 2020 Index

In response to the Ease of Doing Business 2020 index that was published this morning, Daphna Aviram-Nitzan, director of the Center for Governance and Economics at the Israel Democracy Institute, who leads the regulation reduction project at the Institute, commented on Israel moving up 14 slots to the 35th place after 5 points improvement last year.

Press Release

Economic Policy - Professional Independence and Long Term Planning

Excerpts from the presentation of Prof. Karnit Flug, IDI’s newly appointed Vice President, at the ‘Globes’ Governors Conference”

Press Release

Quarter of the Population Gives Government's Policies a Failing Grade

Two and a half weeks ahead of the elections, a special IDI survey reveals that the Israeli public gives government economic policies a failing grade and supports increasing the budgets allocated to health, education, welfare, and public transportation services


Adapting to the Future Job Market

Reframing the eco-system to prepare for Israel’s job market of the future.


Israel Climbs Five Spots in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index

Israel improved by five spots over last year in the index of 190 countries. In first place is New Zealand, followed by Singapore, Denmark, Hong Kong, and South Korea. The Ease of Doing Business Index is an international indicator of how easy it is to do business in various countries.


Meet the Next Generation of IDI Leaders

Guaranteeing an independent Supreme Court. Integrating the Ultra-Orthodox into the IDF. Boosting participation of Arab women in the workforce. Improving the ease of doing business in Israel. These are some of the challenges facing IDI’s new cadre of program and center directors.


Israel needs a Paradigm Shift: Greater Compatibility Between Human Capital and the Economy

Israel suffers from a shortage of skilled workers in manufacturing industries and hi-tech and an overflow of the service sector; priorities in the allocation of public resources for the training of human capital must be changed to better fit the needs of the economy.


Israel’s future labor market needs updated models

The number of vacation days in Israel is among the lowest in the world. Research by Prof. Yotam Margalit presents a new model which will ensure a minimum of 18 vacation days for each worker.


Top OECD Official: Israel Must do more to Integrate Arabs and ultra-Orthodox into the Economy

Dr. Peter Jarrett, the head of the Country Studies Division at the OECD, says the government must do more to integrate all Israelis into the economy if it is to continue to prosper and grow. "Boasting that Arabs and Ultra-Orthodox Aside, Israel's Situation is Excellent - is Simply shortsighted and Foolish."


Mission: Open a factory in Israel in 18 months

An ambitious plan aims at slashing the 4-6 years it currently takes to pass all the regulatory hurdles in Israel


Living in Dignity

Our Democracy Index shows that while Israel’s citizens love their country and are optimistic about its future, they feel a lack of confidence about their personal futures.

Press Release

Two Economies - One Society: New Survey

Survey to serve as backdrop for discussion at Eli Hurvitz Conference on Economy and Society – June 19 and 20



In a dynamic labor market, challenged by technological disruption and increasing longevity, flexibility is key.


Gotta Have Faith: The Knesset's Top Priority for 2017

The Knesset’s top priority for 2017 should be to restore the Israeli public’s belief in its political institutions.


Is Israeli Society Frail Or Flourishing?

Is Israeli democracy weak, fragile and on the brink of collapse, or is it robust, stable and resilient? 

Press Release

Bank of Israel's Karnit Flug: 'Ensure More Ultra-Orthodox Males Receive a Complete Secular Education'

srael's GDP is 40 percent lower than that of the U.S. and its level of productivity is 33% less than most OECD countries, according to a presentation by Dr. Karnit Flug, governor of the Bank of Israel.


The Road to Hi-Tech Runs through Taibeh

The integration of talented Arab employees into Israel’s hi-tech sector could relieve the human-resources shortage for employers. Encouraging Arabs to enter the hi-tech industry could improve their economic situation significantly, which would reduce inequality and contribute to a reduction of social tensions in the Arab community.


Shemitat Kesafim: The Year of Escape from Debt

Dr. Benny Porat discusses the precept of debt cancellation during the sabbatical year (Shemita) and proposes ways in which to update this practice to suit the economics of contemporary Israel and create a model society. 


Detention of African Asylum Seekers in Israel: Welcome to Round Three

On December 8, 2014, just before the Knesset dissolved itself to prepare for early elections, it enacted the Law for Prevention of Infiltration and Ensuring the Departure of Infiltrators from Israel. IDI's Dr. Reuven (Ruvi) Ziegler reviews this development.


A Four-Step Plan to Combat Hatred between Jews and Arabs in Israel

IDI Research Fellow Yair Sheleg outlines four steps that can allay fears, contribute to dialogue, combat hatred, and improve relations between Jews and Arabs in Israel

Policy Statement

Legal Opinion on the Israel Hayom Law

A summary of a legal opinion opposing the "Law for the Advancement and Protection of Print Journalism in Israel," which would prohibit the distribution of a full-sized daily newspaper in Israel free of charge.


Transparency in Local Authority Budgets

Dr. Tehilla Shwartz Altshuler discusses the challenges to transparency in the budgets of Israel's local authorities, including the need to make budgets accessible, to enable searches within budgets, and to facilitate comparisons between the budgets of different authorities.


The Admissions Committees Ruling: A Lack of Ripeness or Refusal to Decide?

Dr. Amir Fuchs discusses the Israeli High Court of Justice's decision to uphold the "Admissions Committees Law," which allows small communities to reject applicants due to a lack of social suitability. 


Shmita: Rest, Share, Release

An exploration of the existential, social, and economic dimensions of the Shmita year, that calls for bringing together social, moral, cultural, religious and national forces to implement the idea of Shmita in non-agricultural and national contexts in Israel.


Celebrating Independence: The Vision of Professor Reuven Feuerstein

As Israel prepares to celebrate its independence, Rabbi Dr. Benjamin Lau and Ms. Shira Ruderman remind us of the need to bring people with disabilities into the circle of those who celebrate independence, drawing on the legacy of the late Prof. Reuven Feuerstein in this call for integration. 


The Struggle against Government Corruption

In an op-ed in <em>Haaretz</em>, Prof. Mordechai Kremnitzer discusses government corruption in Israel and the implications of the Holyland verdict for deterring such corruption in the future.


Building a Shared Society: On the Priorities of the Israel Police

Prof. Mordechai Kremnitzer explains the importance of the fifth meeting of IDI's Police and Society Forum, which was dedicated to the question of partnership and transparency in the relationship between the Israel Police and Arab society.


Prof. Mordechai Kremnitzer Speaks Out on Using Administrative Detention in Cases of Organized Crime

IDI Vice President of Research Prof. Mordechai Kremnitzer responds to the possibility that the police will use administrative detention to combat organized crime, much in the manner as it is used to combat terrorism. 


The Israeli Economy: Has the Melting Pot Succeeded?

A study conducted by IDI Senior Fellow Prof. Momi Dahan that reveals that there has been a continuous narrowing of income gaps between Israelis of European-American origins and of Asian-African origins since the 1990s.


Quashing Legislation Mandating Lengthy Detention of Asylum-Seekers

Dr. Reuven (Ruvi) Ziegler shares observations on the decision of the Israeli Supreme Court that an amendment of the Prevention of Infiltration Law that mandated lengthy detention of asylum seekers is unconstitutional.


Analysis of Scholastic Achievement Disparities between the Arab and Jewish Sectors: The PISA Tests, 2000 to 2009

Research conducted by IDI's Arab-Jewish Relations project reveals a disparity between student achievement in the Jewish and Arab sectors. This abstract points to the variables that explain these disparities.


A New Social-Economic Agenda for Israel

In an op-ed, originally published on the Ynet website, IDI Senior Fellow Dr. Momi Dahan reflects on the wave of social protest of the summer of 2011 and stresses that the response to the protest must be a new social-economic agenda.


Before the Next Shock Hits

In this article, originally published in Haaretz on April 1, 2010, IDI Senior Researcher Prof. Avraham Ben-Bassat warns that Israel's policy of reducing taxes should be frozen since it may precipitate an economic crisis, and advocates giving preference to increasing public spending while preserving the economy's stability.


Gamblers in Disguise

Prof. Yedidia Z. Stern examines the reality of the ongoing financial crisis, and tries to explain how such a rational industry gets carried away with reckless decision-making procedures.


Women and Civil Society in Israel

In an article originally published in Hebrew in IDI's online journal Parliament, Naomi Himeyn Raisch surveys the unique characteristics of women's organizations and how they affect productivity in Israel.


Value in Doing Business with Israel

Despite last summer's war in Lebanon, Hamas's rise to leadership, Hizbullah rockets being aimed at Israeli cities, and international boycotts, Israeli economy is thriving, the national debt and unemployment have significantly dropped, and investors continue to look to Israel as fertile ground for investment.


How to Fight Poverty in Israel Without Costing Israelis a Shekel

In an article originally published in the Forward, Prof. Momi Dahan argues that it is possible to fight and reduce poverty without increasing taxes. 

Press Release

How Hard Is It to Do Business in Israel?

"In order to change this trend, we must increase the use of technological tools and behavioral economics."

Press Release

Peace Index: 40% of Israelis Believe that Rifts Between Groups Will Widen

Monthly survey also finds that 84.5% of Israeli public defines mood as good or very good while 43% expresses trust in Prime Minister Netanyahu.


The Employment Revolution and the Haredim Who Are Being Left Behind

With 50% of young Haredi men expected to enter the labor market actually those with poorer skills and abilities, there is an urgent need for an in-depth rethinking about Haredi education. 


Time to Include Arabs among the Decision-Makers

The state and its Arab leadership, not only the political leadership, must work together to bring as many Arab citizens as possible into the decision-making echelons.


Active Labor Market Policy Must Become Priority

For Israel's economy to grow, significant investment in building a strong and effective infrastructure for occupational training and reemployment is critical.


Opportunities Now: Arab Employment in the Galilee

The north presents real opportunities for Israel’s society and economy. Turns out that the solutions have been in plain sight all along.

Deputy A-G Licht: ‘Reduction of Regulation Should Not Harm the Public or the Government'

Ministry of Finance’s Hizkiyahu: ‘Israel has an anti-business environment’

Eli Groner, Director-General, PMO: ‘When There is Excess Regulation, 99% of the Public Suffers and 1% Earns’

Day 2 of the Eli Hurvitz Conference on Economy and Society highlights challenges and solutions for Israel’s excess regulation and bureaucracy


BOI Governor Flug Says Israeli Economy is ‘Not Renewing Enough’

‘In skills and problem solving, we are at the bottom [of international indices] and it is quite embarrassing for a country that is referred to as the Startup Nation,’ Flug said

Avi Nissenkorn, Histadrut Labor Union Chair: Government has Failed to Fix Inconceivable Socioeconomic Gaps

Avi Simhon, PMO’s Office: Those without special skills will find themselves competing with China, the Philippines and Thailand

Prof. Nathan Sussman: Israel is in a vicious, downward economic cycle

Reem Younis of Alpha Omega: Arab engineers are being trained in Israel but leaving the country

Ministry of Finance’s Babad: Stop Forcing Ultra-Orthodox to Study Core Curriculum, Consider Alternative Technology Track

Minister Bennett, Startup Nation Central's Kandel and Leumi Group’s Russak-Aminoach headline 2017 Eli Hurvitz Conference on Economy and Society

Press Release

Eli Hurvitz Conference on Economy and Society

With the featured participation of: Bank of Israel Governor, Education Minister, Economy Minister, Director-General of the Finance Ministry, Director-General of the Prime Minister Office, Chairman of the Histadrut Labor Federation, Director-General of Bank Leumi, Director General of Microsoft Israel and other VIPs

Press Release

Professor Eytan Sheshinski joins the Israel Democracy Institute (IDI) as a Senior Researcher in the Center for Governance and the Economy

Top Israeli economist, Professor Eytan Sheshinski, has joined IDI as a senior researcher in the Center for Governance and the Economy, under the leadership of Dafna Aviram-Nitzan.