founded in 1988

Moledet (Homeland) was a far-right wing party established by Rehav'am Ze'evi ("Gandhi") prior to the 1998 elections for the 12th Knesset. This party believed that peace between Israel and the Arab states would be achieved only though separation of the two nations. The way to accomplish this, according to Moledet's platform, was through population exchanges, i.e., the transfer of the Arab population from Judea, Samaria, and the Gaza Strip to Arab states. This idea of “transfer” became the principal identifying feature of the party.

Moledet ran independently in the 1988 elections for the 12th Knesset, the 1992 elections for the 13th Knesset, and the 1996 elections for the 14th Knesset. From the 1999 elections for the 15th Knesset onwards, Moledet ran as part of the list of the National Union (HaIhud HaLe'umi), which included other right-wing parties as well. 

Election Year Votes Count Seats Count Votes Percent List Of Candidates Platform
1996 14 2 2.4 Candidates Candidates
1992 13 3 2.4 Candidates Candidates
1988 12 2 1.9 Candidates Candidates

Note that the candidates in this table are in Hebrew

Rehav'am Ze’evi ("Gandhi"), Rabbi Benny Elon

Moledet entered the government for the first time in early 1991, with the appointment of Ze’evi as a Minister without Portfolio in Yitzhak Shamir’s government. The party returned to the government 10 years later, as part of Ariel Sharon’s first government, and received the tourism portfolio, which was held by Ze’evi until his assassination in 2001, and was subsequently held by Rabbi Benny Elon. Elon continued to serve as Minister of Tourism in the next government as well, until Prime Minister Sharon fired him due to his opposition to the disengagement from Gaza.