Although there is no precedent in Israel's history for forming a minority government immediately after an election, and while most governments in parliamentary democracies are majority governments, minority governments are far from a rarity.
Minority governments rely on the ‘external support’ of one or more parties. A party that is not part of the governing coalition nevertheless provides regular support to the government, on the basis of a 'confidence and supply' agreement with the ruling party, to guarantee it a parliamentary majority on crucial votes in return for various benefits.
The following chart shows the 9 countries where minority governments are currently in office.
|Country||Size of Parliament (number of seats)||Type of Government||# of Mandates of the Parties in the Government||# of Mandates of the Parties Supporting the Government|
|Belgium *||150||minority coalition||48||-|
|Czech Republic||200||minority coalition||93||15|
|Denmark||175||single party minority||48||43|
|Ireland *||158||single party minority||59||44|
|New Zealand||120||minority coalition||55||8|
|Portugal||230||single party minority||106||19|
* Caretaker government