Note that the candidates and platforms in this table are in Hebrew
Yitzchak Tabenkin, Yisrael Galili, Yigal Allon, Yitzchak Ben Aharon
Achdut Ha'Avoda joined the coalition formed by Mapai after the elections for the Third Knesset (1956) and was represented in the government by Moshe Carmel, who headed the Ministry of Transportation, and by Yisrael Bar Shalom, who headed the Ministry of the Interior. After the elections for the Fourth Knesset (1959), the party's representation in the cabinet was reduced to one minister – Yitzchak Ben Aharon, who served as the Minister of Transportation. Achdut Ha'Avoda remained in the government of the Fifth Knesset as well, when it was given an additional ministry beyond the Ministry of Transportation: the Labor portfolio, with Yigal Alon serving as Minister of Labor.