Founded in 1996
Ra'am (The United Arab List) was established in 1996 before the 1996 elections. In those elections, it ran on a joint list with Mada. Subsequently, Mada was absorbed into Ra'am, prior to the 1999 elections. In the elections of 2006, 2009, and 2013, Ra'am ran on a joint list with Ta'al. Following the 2021 Ra'am joined the coalition supporting the Bennett-Lapid Government. That was the first time an Arab party was a formal member of the governing coalition.
Ra'am supports the establishment of a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital, with an end of the occupation and dismantling of the settlements. It also seeks the release of Palestinian prisoners and the right of return of Palestinian refugees. The party advocates the recognition of Israeli Arabs as a national minority and seeks to ensure their rights in a constitution. Ra'am calls for closing the gaps in the Arab educational system and supports both the establishment of an Arab university and the development of industrial zones near Arab communities.