Sephardim and Oriental Communities
Founded in 1949
The Sephardim and Oriental Communities party (Sephardim Ve'Edot HaMizrah) served as an independent party in the first and second Knessets. Prior to the elections for the second Knesset, the head of the party, Bechor Shalom Sheetrit, left the party and joined Mapai. After winning only two seats in the Second Knesset, the party joined the General Zionists Party. Some of its members were opposed to the union and continued to run independently in the 1955 and the 1959 elections, but failed to pass the electoral threshold. In ideological terms, the Sephardim and Oriental Communities party was moderate central-right.