The Jewish Home
Founded in 2008
The Jewish Home ("HaBayit HaYehudi") was founded in 2008, before the elections for the 18th Knesset, in order to formally merge the National Religious Party (the Mafdal) and the National Union (HaIchud HaLeumi) —which had already been operating as a joint faction in the 17th Knesset—into a unified right-wing party. Two key figures, however, refused to participate in the merger: Effi Eitam of the National Religious Party, who joined the Likud, and Aryeh Eldad of the National Union, who chose to form the HaTikvah party instead. The merged party's list of Knesset candidates was determined by a public council. Disappointed by the council's decision, the members of the National Union resigned from the new party and ran for the 18th Knesset together with HaTikvah as part of the National Union's list.
In November 2012, in the lead up to the elections for the 19th Knesset, the party underwent a transformation. The party conducted for the first time primary elections for its leadership and lists of candidates. Naftali Bennett, who was elected as the party leader, led the party in an impressive achievement of 12 mandates in the Knesset elections. The party's final list for the 2013 elections also included representatives of the National Union, headed by Uri Ariel. In the 2015 elections the party gained just 8 seats, but was a key coalition partner in Netanyahu's 4th government. In late 2018, Naftali Bennett and Ayelet Shaked, left the party to establish The New Right. The party appointed Rafi Peretz as its new chairman and shortly afterwards decided to extend its cooperation with the National Union, and to run also with far right Otzma Yehudit under the Union of Right-Wing Parties. The party did not compete in the 2021 elections. In the 2022 elections it competed with Ayelet Shaked's party.