The Labor Market

Publications Regarding The Labor Market


The Link Between Education, Mobility, and High Tech - Eli Hurvitz Conference Day 2

“I want to maintain a strong, independent system of higher education” Yoav Kish, Minister of Education


High-Tech as a Path to Intergenerational Mobility

Study on the integration and mobility of individuals from disadvantaged economic backgrounds in the high-tech industry

Press Release

Israeli Work Life Post Covid

New survey of Israeli workers reveals changes in levels of satisfaction post COVID pandemic: Most workers in Israel are satisfied with their work-life balance, despite the fact that half of them work more than their official number of hours; around a third report difficulty with functioning in family life


It's Time to Invest Resources in Arab Young Adults

Young adults in every society are the face of that society's future, and Arab society in Israel is no different. They face a complex set of daily struggles, in all areas, in their attempt to forge a good future for themselves, their community, and society at large.


More Supply than Demand: Israel’s Labor Market

Behind the record number of job openings, in an age of full employment and an economy with rapid growth, what steps can the government take to promote the inclusion of workers currently outside the job market and to help businesses?

Press Release

Israel’s Future Labor Market will Further Widen Gaps Between Jews and Arabs and Reduce Gender Gaps

A new study by IDI experts Prof. Yotam Margalit, Gabriel Gordon and Zak Hirsch finds that the Israeli Economy is transitioning towards occupations in which the main tasks require high analytical abilities and to a lesser extent interpersonal abilities. Occupations which mainly require routine-physical abilities are diminishing rapidly


Changes in the New Labor Market: A Tasks and Skills Analysis

The rapid rate of technological development requires an examination of the changes in demand for workers, specifically in terms of the tasks that make up different occupations. This study offers such an examination along with recommendations for action


Israelis Out of Work as a Result of COVID-19

New IDI survey finds that 250,000 Israelis, who are not working, and not receiving unemployment allowances, might soon be forced to rely on supplemental income support.




Press Release

Employment Incentives for the Haredi Community are a Mix of ‘Carrots’ and ‘Sticks’

Finance Minister Liberman’s employment incentives for members of the ultra-Orthodox (Haredi) community are a "mix of ‘carrots’ and ‘sticks’ and could encourage members of the Haredi community to join the labor market - however elements of the plan could also expand the existing trend of part-time employment.


Is Israel Also Experiencing a “Great Resignation”?

The "great resignation" that has swept the US and UK in recent months is one of the symbols of the recovery from the pandemic. Is this trend taking place in Israel too?


The Labor Market must be Fixed for the Economy to Improve

Addressing the shortage of hi-tech workers isn't enough. Israel must focus on vocational training & improving productivity in all industries to continue economic growth - economist Daphna Aviram Nitzan explains 

Press Release

Lowering the Age of Exemption will Lead Thousands of Haredim into the Labor Force

Congratulations to the Bennett government on approving the outline for lowering the age of the students exempted from service in the IDF to 21. This is a vital and necessary step that the Israel Democracy Institute has recommended in recent years. A kind of necessary evil that will lead in the short term to the entry of about 5,000 ultra-Orthodox into the labor market and thousands more in the coming years.


Lowering the Exemption Age for Military Service

Survey finds lowering the exemption age is not likely to reduce the number of ultra-Orthodox conscripts to the IDF, however it will encourage thousands of ultra-Orthodox men to enter the workforce.

Press Release

The Labor Market in the Post-COVID Era

Meirav Cohen, Minister of Social Equality: “Employers should be given incentives to choose older workers”



Working from Home: A Survey of Patterns and Attitudes

One of the very few pieces of good news resulting from the corona crisis is the increase in people working from home (WFH). Unfortunately, workers from lower socioeconomic groups are not benefiting from this change.


Public Attitudes Toward Vocational Training During COVID-19

An IDI survey examines public opinion on Israelis preferred areas of study and participation when undergoing vocational training during the economic crisis resulting from the coronavirus.


How to Generate Demand for Workers

A growing number of countries around the world have realized that vocational training and subsidies for the training period can increase the demand for workers. Israel's government should follow this lead, while at the same time accelerating the pace of development of infrastructure projects, to increase the demand for skilled workers.


How COVID-19 Changed Fatherhood

A survey by the Israel Democracy Institute found during the lockdown less than 20% of working men continued working as usual in the workplace. What does this mean for the future of work-life balance among Israeli couples?


Working from Home: Pre-and Post-Coronavirus

The coronavirus has made working from home much more prevalent, and has many advantages, including improving efficiency and providing workers with more flexibility. But how do we ensure that it does not increase wage disparities and provide even more advantages to those who are already the higher earners? IDI experts weigh in with recommendations to ensure that all sides benefit


The Crisis Has Hit at the Core of the Labor Market

The current crisis threatens the heart of the labor market with 400,000 workers between the ages of 35-54 designated as "temporarily absent from work" due to the coronavirus

Eli Hurvitz Highlights 2019

Human Capital in Israel

Developing human capital in Israel is the key to narrowing the labor productivity gap as a key to reducing income disparities

Eli Hurvitz Highlights 2019

How Do We Adapt Our Labor Agreements to the 21st Century?

Eli Hurvitz Conference on Economy and Society – First Day, Second Session


Adapting to the Future Job Market

Reframing the eco-system to prepare for Israel’s job market of the future.


Who Represents Equality – The Attorney General or the Equality of Opportunity Commission?

Should the State always present its position in a unified voice or should state institutions with specific expertise sometimes be allowed to present their views separately? Prof. Mordechai Kremnitzer and Attorney Talya Steiner address this question In an op-ed in Haaretz.

Occupational Mismatch among College-Educated Arabs in Israel

An abstract of an article that examines the extent of the occupational mismatch among college-educated Arabs as compared to the mismatch among college-educated Jews, based on data from surveys conducted from 2000–2010.


Do Not Put an End to Ultra-Orthodox Army Service

Following the dissolution of the Committee to Advance Equality in Sharing the Burden, committee head MK Yohanan Plesner submitted proposals for alternatives to the Tal Law. In this article, IDI Researcher Attorney Haim Zicherman, who served as the content coordinator of the Plesner Committee, warns that some of those measures were personal recommendations rather than recommendations of the Committee, and may reverse trends of increasing army service by ultra-Orthodox Jews.


In the Aftermath of the Tal Law

Will the Israeli Supreme Court's ruling that the Tal Law is unconstitutional really guarantee that the burden of Israel's defense will be shared equally by the country's citizens? IDI's Prof. Yedidia Stern warns that this ruling may actually hinder the integration of the Haredi community into Israeli society rather than promoting it.


Employment Among Israeli Arabs

The percentage of Arabs in the labor market is lower than that of other groups in Israeli society and is among the lowest in the world. Because this discrepancy is based on national-religious schisms, raising the Arab employment rate has important economic, social, and political-national implications. Find out more about this issue in this report, which was submitted by IDI's Arab-Jewish Forum to the Committee for Socio-Economic Change headed by Professor Manuel Trajtenberg.


A New Social-Economic Agenda for Israel

In an op-ed, originally published on the Ynet website, IDI Senior Fellow Dr. Momi Dahan reflects on the wave of social protest of the summer of 2011 and stresses that the response to the protest must be a new social-economic agenda.


Coercive Imposition of Western Culture

In this article from Haaretz published on October 3, 2010, Former Education Minister Rabbi Itshak Levi, head of Policy Implementation at IDI, objects to the cultural coercion involved in a mandatory core curriculum, and advocates requiring only the study of Hebrew and Civics of all students in Israel.


COVID-19: Initial Survey Findings on Self-Employed Workers in Israel

As of the beginning of December 2020, 75% self-employed workers were working, though 45% were working only part-time. Only 29% were working the same number of hours as before the crisis.

Press Release

How Hard Is It to Do Business in Israel?

"In order to change this trend, we must increase the use of technological tools and behavioral economics."


Active Labor Market Policy Must Become Priority

For Israel's economy to grow, significant investment in building a strong and effective infrastructure for occupational training and reemployment is critical.